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1. Introduction

Direct observation of radioactive nuclides from stars and the interstellar medium would provide first experimental constraints on production rate. The concept is to have a global network of magnetometers looking for correlated magnetic field fluctuations that may be caused by strange, and unknown physics. Fundamental tests of quantum mechanics with matter waves We create the coldest stuff in the Universe — a Bose-Einstein condensate BEC — by laser-cooling helium atoms to within a millionth of a degree Kelvin. At these extremely low temperatures particles behave more like waves.

You will use the BEC to study fundamental quantum mechanics and for applications like atom interferometry.


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Measuring and modelling free-ion hyperfine fields Motivated by exciting prospects for measurements of the magnetism of rare isotopes produced by the new radioactive beam accelerators internationally, this experimental and computational project seeks to understand the enormous magnetic fields produced at the nucleus of highly charged ions by their atomic electron configuration. Coherent control of quantum-mechanical systems The project studies possibility of the coherent control i. Atomic ionization in super-strong laser fields Using methods of quantum many-body theory to describe elementary processes in atoms and molecules interacting with strong electromagnetic fields.

Attosecond time-resolved atomic reactions We apply the most advanced quantum-mechanical modeling to resolve electron motion in atoms and molecules on the atto-second one quintillionth of a second time scale. Our theoretical modeling, based on a rigorous, quantitative description of correlated electron dynamics, provides insight into new physics taking place on the atomic time scale. The inverse swarm problem with neural networks The traditional approach transport simulation is to measure cross sections and feed them into a code package.

However, some cross sections are very difficult to both measure and calculate. The "inverse swarm problem" seeks to extract these cross sections from transport measruements such as current profiles or annihilation rates.

Multi-component quantum gases : instabilities, turbulence and dynamics This project aims to explore and measure new or predicted phenomena in complex multicomponent quantum systems. Hot entanglement with cold atoms This theoretical physics project aims to develop novel schemes for generating long-lived, thermally-robust entanglement between individual pairs of cold atoms.

Theoretical models developed in this project will inform optical tweezer experiments in the lab of Mikkel Andersen at the University of Otago.

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Electron scattering from surfaces at high energies The project aims at establishing the possibilities of high-energy electron scattering in the analysis of thin layers. How does a quantum system reach equilibrium? The idea of equilibration is ubiquitous throughout nature. This project looks at both equilibration and phase transitions in a Bose-Einstein condensate of metastable helium atoms. Positron applications in medical physics This is a multi-faceted project which can be adapted to students at the honours level and above.

A number of possibilities exist to perform experiments directed towards improving the use of positrons in medice, mostly focussed on Positron Emission Tomography PET. Electron-liquid interface scattering Low temperature plasmas are being exploited for new medical therapy techniques and in engineering applications in agriculture. This project explores the fundamental behaviour of how electrons penetrate a liquid surface, such as the skin of the body.

Moses Chung (정모세)

Optimised atom interferometry for space-based experiments This theoretical physics project aims to optimise the performance of atom interferometry in a space-based environment. Space-based operation requires novel beamsplitting and atomic source production techniques, which will be developed in this project. Fragmentation of molecules by positronium Positronium is a bound state between an electron and a positron. It is hydrogen-like with a binding energy half that of hydrogen.

Positronium has been found to scatter like an electron for the same velocity. Electrons can fragment molecules by temporary attaching leading to fragmentation. This project will explore the fragmentation of molecules in positronium scattering with molecules. Benchmark positron scattering experiments Using the atomic and molecular physics positron beam at the ANU, the student will undertake measurements of positron scattering from simple targets, providing high accuracy data to test recent theoretical calculations.

Experimental determination of the Auger yield per nuclear decay Auger electrons are emitted after nuclear decay and are used for medical purposes. This project aims to obtain a experimental estimate of the number of Auger electrons emitted per nuclear decay. Optical quantum memory An optical quantum memory will capture a pulse of light, store it and then controllably release it.

This has to be done without ever knowing what you have stored, because a measurement will collapse the quantum state. We are exploring a "photon echo" process to achieve this goal. Biophysics Low-temperature plasma nitrogen fixation for enhancing plant growth Plasma agriculture is an innovative field that applies plasma to agriculture processes such as farming, food production, food processing, and food preservation.

In agriculture, plasmas may be used to eradicate all microorganisms; bacterial, fungal and viral particles in fruit and vegetables.

Astrophysics

Gas sensing of carbon dioxide This project has a strong industrial link, and investigates using resonator optics to enhance the measurement sensitivity of the molecular absorption of light. Specific ion effects We are conducting fundamental research into how different ions exert influence in a myriad of systems. Bacteria turbulence: diffusion and self-organizaiton Dense bacterial flows have been shown to exhibit properitse of self-organizaiton. This project is aimed at determining the underlying mechanism of the bacterial self-organizaiton by study the bacteria dispersion using PIV and PTV techniques.


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Radiobiology at the Heavy Ion Accelerator Facility This project aims to develop biophysics and radiobiological applications of beams from the Heavy Ion Accelerator Facility with a view to advancing the medical applications of nuclear technology. Do plants fight back? Understanding the mechanical responses of plant cells This project aims to investigate how the mechnical properties of plant cells change with 'poking' from an external source.

In nature the poking is by a pathogen. We mimic this effect with a diamond tip. Clean Energy Nanowire arrays for next generation high performance photovoltaics This is an all-encompassing program to integrate highly sophisticated theoretical modelling, material growth and nanofabrication capabilities to develop high performance semiconductor nanowire array solar cells.

It will lead to understanding of the underlying photovoltaic mechanisms in nanowires and design of novel solar cell architectures. Solar cells without p-n junctions Simplify nanowire solar cell fabrication by eliminating the need for p-n junctions to increase the ultimate device efficiency. Efficient one-step plasma synthesis of high surface area nanostructures This project aims to develop new plasma processing techniques which can be used to generate complex nanostructured surface morphologies on a range of mateirals.

Reports to the President / PLASMA SCIENCE AND FUSION CENTER

These materials have potential applications in a wide range of areas, including catalysis, high energy-density batteries, and anti-reflection coatings. Organic-inorganic perovskite materials for high performance photovoltaics In this project, we will characterise actual device solar cell structures with electron microscopy techniques and seek to understand the microscopic effects behind the device performance and reliability. Engineering in Physics Quantum Device Engineering For quantum technologies to transition to real-world applications, there are a multitude of engineering challenges to be solved.

Using diamond NV centres, our group is developing small-scale quantum computers, and quantum microscopes sensing electric and magnetic fields down to the nanoscale. Available project themes include instrumentation, experiment control, machine learning, and optimal control. Development of an advanced 3D volumetric imaging system This project develops a 3D volumetric imaging system to generate three dimensional images of translucent materials.

Plasma surface interactions under extreme conditions High power ion beams can be used to replace lasers as sources for evaporated coating material. Work with industry to discover the physics. Frequency distribution over fibre for next generation Gravitational Wave Detectors We will investigate the possibility to distribute a phase reference over a m long optical fibre with a stability of hundreds of nanoradians. If succesfull this solution will be part of a selection process for implementation into the LIGO observatories.

Plasma Thrusters for Spacecraft Low Earth Orbit satellites such as CubeSats can have their lifetime boosted by using our unique plasma thrusters to insert them into higher orbits. Vibration control for optical interferometry Develop an active vibraiton isolation platform to provide a quiet, small displacement environment for high precision inteferometry.

System calculations for hunter killer satellites Space junk is a major problem for space travel. We use an energetic particle beam to manoeuvre a satellite close to junk then blast it with the particle beam to deorbit the junk. The project is aiming to develop a new model required for basic science and applications, including cancer treatment. Optical Sensors for Inertial Navigation This project develops fibre optic instruments based on optical interferometry and digital signal processing for the purpose of inertial navigation. Magnetic nozzles and plasma generated by a remote source.

When plasmas are decoupled from their source of power, much can be learned about non-local effects of energy transport.

Particle Accelerators Reimagined - with Suzie Sheehy

Exploring physics with neural networks Machine learning based on deep neural networks is a powerful method for improving the performance of experiments. It may also be useful for finding new physics. Impact of surface roughness on fluid equilibribrium Fluid flow in porous media combines the impacts of many complex phenomena: fluid properties, solid structure, and the infacial interactions between fluids and solid phases.

This project aims to uncover the reasons behind some fundamental differences between experiments conducted in glass bead packs and those conducted in geologic systems rocks.